In the 1880s, nitrate fertilizer found in northern Chile led to growth and prosperity throughout Santiago and other areas of the country. The basin is approximately 80 kilometres (50 miles) in a north–south direction and 35 km (22 mi) from east to west. The population grew by 8.7% (9,692 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses. Colectivos are shared taxicabs that carry passengers along a specific route for a fixed fee. With an area of 15,403.2 km 2 (5,947 sq mi) and population over 7 million, it is Chile's most populated and most densely populated region. During recent decades, urban growth has outgrown the boundaries of the city, expanding to the east up the slopes of the Andean Precordillera. 20 km (12 mi) further east is the even larger Cordillera of the Andes, which has mountains and volcanoes that exceed 6,000 m (19,690 ft) and on which some glaciers are present. Santiago has grown by 43,707 since 2015, which represents a 0.65% annual change. Santiago will host the 2023 Pan American Games.[3]. Maipú, Ñuñoa, Renca, Lampa and Colina were to be created in 1891, Providencia and Barrancas in 1897, and Las Condes in 1901. Real growth and development began in the 1930s, with immigration increasing the numbers of residents. Terminal Pajaritos: located in Metro station "Pajaritos." The first phase ran beneath the western section of the Alameda and was opened in 1975. In recent years many cycle paths have been constructed, but so far the number is limited and with little connections between the routes. The area recorded populations of over two million in 1960 before reaching almost four million in 1982. Mailing List - See more. There are ski resorts to the east of the city (Valle Nevado, La Parva, El Colorado) and wineries in the plains west of the city. When founded, Valdivia used the name "Santiago del Nuevo Extremo" or "Nueva Extremadura", based on the territory he expected to colonize and that he named honouring his native Extremadura. By 1895, 75% of the national manufacturing industry was in the capital and only 28% in the harbor city, and by 1910, major banks and shops were set up in the streets of the city center, leaving Valparaíso. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (2004), Boletín de Políticas Públicas: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Santiago Estación Central railway station, Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport, Avenida Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Directorate of Libraries, Archives and Museums, Faculty of Arts of the University of Chile, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santiago de Chile, Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano, Universidad de Ciencias de la Informática, Universidad de Artes, Ciencias y Comunicación, David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, List of twin towns and sister cities in Chile, "Santiago confirmed as host of 2023 Pan American Games", "Past, present, and future images of a "green space" in the metropolitan area of Santiago", "Argentina and Chile Central, Ultra-Prominences", "Impacto en la variabilidad de la línea de nieve en crecidas invernales en cuencas pluvio-nivales de Chile central", "40 grados y contando: La histórica ola de calor que batió récord en la zona central", "Temperatura Mensual Histórica de la Estación", "Datos Normales y Promedios Históricos Promedios de 30 años o menos", "CLIMAT summary for 85406: Pudahuel (Chile) – Section 2: Monthly Normals", "CLIMAT summary for 85577: Santiago Q. In 2011 they were champions of Copa Sudamericana, the only Chilean team to have won this tournament. The cause of this was a strategy by the local indigenous Picunche to stop cultivation and retreat to more distant places. Sleeps 6 • 2 bedrooms • 2 bathrooms. A study by a Chilean university found in 2010 that pollution in Santiago had doubled. United Nations population projections are also included through the year 2035. Close by is the Municipal Theatre of Santiago, which was built in 1857 by the French architect Brunet of Edward Baines. The size of the city expanded constantly; The 20,000 hectares Santiago covered in 1960 doubled by 1980, reaching 64,140 hectares in 2002. Parque Intercomunal), This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 03:52. The growth of Santiago has undergone several changes over the course of its history. 1. The airport is located in the western commune of Pudahuel. These two events, however, did not prevent the city's rapid, continued growth. Elle est située dans la vallée centrale (valle central) qui court le long d'une grande partie du pays. The Costanera Center was completed in 2009, and includes housing, shopping, and entertainment venues. In 1950, the population of Santiago was 1,321,647. [9], The natural vegetation of Santiago is made up of a thorny woodland of Vachellia caven (also known as Acacia caven and espinillo) and Prosopis chilensis in the west and an association of Vachellia caven and Baccharis paniculata in the east around the Andean foothills.[10]. 12 reviews. East of that is the colonial building of the Casa Colorada (1769), which houses the Museum of Santiago. [56][57] Line 6 was inaugurated in 2017, adding 10 stations to the network and approximately 15 km (9 mi) of track. In the center of Santiago are several buildings built during the Spanish domination and that mostly correspond to, as the Metropolitan Cathedral and the aforementioned church of San Francisco Catholic churches. The villages established in the areas belonging to the Picunches (the name given by Chileans) or Promaucae people (name given by the Incas), were subject to the Inca Empire throughout the late fifteenth century and into the early sixteenth century. The Mapocho River flows through the city. Pobladores de Chile, 1565–1580, libro de Juan Guillermo Muñoz Correa, Ediciones Universidad de la Frontera, Temuco, 1989. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. [55] The proposed Santiago–Valparaíso railway line would connect Santiago with Valparaíso in 45 minutes, and expansions of the commuter rail network to Melipilla and Batuco are under discussion. La démographie du Chili est lensemble des données et études concernant la population chilienne. This growth was reflected in the urbanization of rural areas on the periphery, where families of middle and lower class with stable housing were established: in 1930 the urban area had an area of 6500 hectares, which in 1960 reached 20,900 and in 1980 to 38,296. For the year 2020, it is estimated that the figures will be 26.7% and 16.8%. However, socioeconomic inequality and geosocial fragmentation remain two of the most important problems in both the city and the country. Sleeps 6 • 2 bedrooms • 2 bathrooms. Taxicabs are common in Santiago and are painted black with yellow roofs and have orange license plates. Population Pyramids of the World from 1950 to 2100. Santiago was founded there and grew into the country’s major metropolis. an annual growth of 3.3%, almost three times the national figure. EFE provides suburban rail service under the brandname of Metrotren. Santiago's cityscape is shaped by several stand-alone hills and the fast-flowing Mapocho River, lined by parks such as Parque Forestal and Balmaceda Park. Santiago also known as Santiago de Chile is the capital and largest city of Chile. Most of the city lies between 500–650 m (1,640–2,133 ft) above mean sea level. The city is entirely in the country's central valley. The most important public library is the National Library located in downtown Santiago. The Santiago Basin is part of the Intermediate Depression and is remarkably flat, interrupted only by a few "island hills;" among them are Cerro Renca, Cerro Blanco, and Cerro Santa Lucía. The 1920 census estimated the population of Santiago to be 507,296 inhabitants, equivalent to 13.6% of the population of Chile. Various green areas in the city contain within and around various sites of heritage character. Question: What is the population of Santiago? The club hosts its home games in the Estadio Monumental in the commune of Macul. Santiago was left unprotected. There are certain areas where finance is concentrated. This migration was coupled with high fertility rates, and annual growth reached 4.9% between 1952 and 1960. The groups were mainly nomadic hunter-gatherers, who traveled from the coast to the interior in search of guanacos during the time of the Andean snowmelt. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Santiago, which typically includes Santiago's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas. From north to south, it is crossed by Autopista Central and the Independencia, Gran Avenida, Recoleta, Santa Rosa, Vicuña Mackenna and Tobalaba avenues. In the 1990s the government attempted to reorganize the public transport system. The building is home to the Supreme Court of Chile. The Metro would become one of the most prestigious buildings in the city. Universidad de Chile has 18 national titles and 5 Copa Chile wins. Each solar (quarter block) was given to the settlers, who built houses of mud and straw. The real estate development in these municipalities and others like Quilicura and Peñalolén largely came from the construction of housing projects for middle-class families. Population Pyramids: Chile - 2015. The most widely circulated newspapers in Chile are published by El Mercurio and Copesa and have earned more than the 91% of revenues generated in printed advertising in Chile.[65]. Furthermore, in the periphery villas were built various partners from various organizations of the time. In 1865, the census reported 115,337 inhabitants. The railway network was extended allowing connection of the city with its nascent suburbs by a new rail ring and route to the Cajón del Maipo, while a new railway station was built in the north of the city: the Mapocho Station. Falabella, Paris, Johnson, Ripley, La Polar, and several other department stores dot the mall landscape of Chile. The latter houses the Museum of pre-Columbian art. A new redevelopment of the Alameda Avenue turned it into the main road of the city. The Metro was expanded considerably, lines were extended and three new lines were built between 1997 and 2006 in the southeastern sector. Demographics of Chile 2019. The current metro area population of Valparaiso in 2020 is 984,000, a 0.92% increase from 2019. The metropolitan area, which is known as Greater Santiago, is the largest in the country with a 2016 population of 6.544 million people. The Civic District was renewed with the creation of the Plaza de la Ciudadanía and construction of the Ciudad Parque Bicentenario to commemorate the bicentenary of the Republic. The celebration of the World Cup in 1962 gave new impetus to implement plans for city improvement. In January 2009 the retailer in charge, Cencosud, said in a statement that the construction of the mega-mall would gradually be reduced until financial uncertainty is cleared. Santiago hosted the final stages of the official 1959 Basketball World Cup, where Chile won the bronze medal. from C$115/night. Population The population of Santiago, Chile is 4837295 according to the GeoNames geographical database. The 2019 population density in Chile is 25 people per Km 2 (66 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 743,532 Km2 (287,079 sq. miles). [33], A final major source of Santiago air pollution, one that continues year-round, is the smelter of the El Teniente copper mine. Air pollution reached critical levels during the winter months and a layer of smog settled over the city. Le Chili possède aussi les îles Juan Fernández, l'île de Pâques et l'île Sala et Gómez, toutes situées dans le Pacifique-Sud, mais l'île de Pâques est la plus éloignée des côtes chiliennes, soit à 3700 km, alors qu'elle fait partie géographiquement de la Polynésie. New routes were introduced in 1994 and the buses were painted yellow. During the 2000s, several urban highways were built through Santiago in order to improve the situation for vehicles. On 12 February 1541 Valdivia officially founded the city of Santiago del Nuevo Extremo (Santiago of New Extremadura) near the Huelén, renamed by the conqueror as Santa Lucia. 1951 337,000 There is no indigenous name for the area occupied by Santiago; Mapuche language uses the name "Santiaw" as an adaptation of the Spanish name of the city. In 2010 construction was initiated on the Santiago Bahá'í Temple, serving as the Baháʼí House of Worship for South America, in the commune of Peñalolen. The Spanish army gained new victories in 1818 and headed for Santiago, but their march was definitively halted on the plains of the Maipo River, during the Battle of Maipú on 5 April 1818. [11] The wettest year since records began in 1866 was 1900 with 819.7 millimetres (32.27 in)[12] – part of a "pluvial" from 1898 to 1905 that saw an average of 559.3 millimetres (22.02 in) over eight years[13] incorporating the second wettest year in 1899 with 773.3 millimetres (30.44 in) – and the driest 1924 with 66.1 millimetres (2.60 in). The hosts of Valdivia camped by the river in the slopes of the Tupahue hill and slowly began to interact with the Picunche people who inhabited the area. Santiago, the capital, is also the largest city. The current metro population of 6.5 million shows just how rapidly Santiago has grown throughout the years. 18 September 1810 was proclaimed the First Government Junta in Santiago, beginning the process of establishing the independence of Chile. The Great Depression caused the collapse of the nitrate industry in the north, leaving 60,000 unemployed, which added to the decline in agricultural exports, resulting in a total number for the unemployed to be about 300,000 nationwide. The mountain range immediately bordering the city on the east is known as the Sierra de Ramón, which was formed due to tectonic activity of the San Ramón Fault. [12] Typically there are lengthy dry spells even in the rainiest of winters,[11] intercepted with similarly lengthy periods of heavy rainfall. During the years of the Republican era, institutions such as the University of Chile (Universidad de Chile), the Normal School of Preceptors, the School of Arts and Crafts, and the Quinta Normal, which included the Museum of Fine Arts (now Museum of Science and Technology) and the National Museum of Natural History, were founded. On September 11, 1541, the city was destroyed but was rebuilt in the exact same area. The streets of Santiago were paved and by 1875 there were 1,107 railway cars in the city, while 45,000 people used tram services on a daily basis. The largest airport in Chile, it is ranked sixth in passenger traffic among Latin American airports, with 14,168,282 passengers served in 2012 – a 17% increase over 2011. In addition, the work would include a sewer system, covering about 85% of the urban population. Provides buses to south of Chile and some northern cities, as well as Argentina (Mendoza and Buenos Aires) and Paraguay (Asunción). The average rainfall there is less than 0.05 mm (0.0020 in) per year. At the southern border lies the Angostura de Paine, an elongated spur of the Andes that almost reaches the coast. The historic low of −6.8 °C (20 °F) was in July 1976. In the center of the city, Gamboa designed a Plaza Mayor, around which various plots for the Cathedral and the governor's house were selected. Chile. Some of these problems were resolved, but the system earned a bad reputation which it has not been able to shake off. 1950 328,000. IDH comunal de Santiago de Chile en 2017.png 840 × 600; 147 KB Invierno en Peñalolén..JPG 3,072 × 2,304; 2.8 MB Isidora Torres (Julio, 2019) Teatro Municipal de Las "Condes La bella durmiente y el príncipe".jpg 2,000 × 3,000; 2 MB The latter opened in 2000 and designed mainly for children and youth has been visited by more than 2.8 million visitors, making it the busiest museum in the country. The roots of the University date back to the year 1622, as on 19 August the first university in Chile under the name of Santo Tomás de Aquino was founded. Part of the Mapocho River was drained and buildings were erected during this time. During autumn and winter the temperature drops, and is slightly lower than 10 °C (50 °F). Find unique places to stay with local hosts in 191 countries. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. Of these, 93 are located within the commune of Santiago, considered the historic center of the city. The strong economy and low government debt is attracting migrants from Europe and the United States.[48]. For other uses, see, Capital city in Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile, The metropolis in the early twenty-first century. The Sierra de Ramón represents the "Precordillera" of the Andes. These mountains contribute to a considerable smog problem, particularly during winter. Thus, the old moneyed class trips to Cousino and Alameda Park, lost hegemony over popular entertainment venues such as the National Stadium emerged in 1938. The Population of Study: The researcher selects the Pharmaceutical companies from the Industrial sector between the sectors that listed in the ASE Amman Security Exchange at the end of fiscal year 2013. The city began to face a series of problems generated by disorganized growth. [citation needed], The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Santiago - to and from work, for example - on a weekday is 84 min. Prevailing winds are from the southwest, with an average of 15 km/h (9 mph), especially during the summer; the winter is less windy. When comparing the Greater Santiago population to the country’s population of 17.9 million, it’s easy to see how Santiago is the biggest city in the country. Valdivia left months later to the south with his troops, beginning the War of Arauco. During winter months, thermal inversion (a meteorological phenomenon whereby a stable layer of warm air holds down colder air close to the ground) causes high levels of smog and air pollution to be trapped and concentrated within the Central Valley. The tallest is the Tupungato mountain at 6,570 m (21,555 ft). In 2019, the government introduced the new public transport system named RED. Santiago is part of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities[77] from 12 October 1982 establishing brotherly relations with the following cities: Chemamull statues at Precolumbian Art Museum of Santiago, This article is about the capital of Chile. The building is also the headquarters of the Court of Appeals of Santiago. The main road is the Avenida Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins, better known as Alameda Avenue, which runs northeast and southwest. The Former National Congress Building, the Justice Palace, and the Royal Customs Palace (Palacio de la Real Aduana de Santiago) are located close to each other. The population of Santiago[43] has seen a steady increase in recent years. Plaza Baquedano, near the center, lies at 570 m (1,870 ft). At the Mapocho river's southern side, the Parque Forestal was created and new buildings such as the Museum of Fine Arts, the Barros Arana public boarding school and the National Library were opened. However, in March 2012, the Mapocho Wastewater Treatment Plant began operations, increasing the wastewater treatment capacity of the city to 100%, making Santiago the first capital city in Latin America to treat all of its municipal sewage. ", "The Santiago Times – News and Current Affairs From Chile", "Es oficial: el 3 de febrero se correrá la Fórmula E en Santiago", "Bicycles in Santiago, New York, and Tokyo", "In Progress: Baháʼí Temple of South America / Hariri Pontarini Architects", Fuentes documentales y bibliográficas para el estudio de la historia de Chile. The Chilean executive and judiciary are located in Santiago, but Congress meets mostly in nearby Valparaíso. Many people use folding bicycles to commute to work.[67]. 525 people died, of whom 13 were in Santiago, and the damage was estimated at 15–30 billion US dollars. Provides buses to towns around southern Santiago, Viña del Mar, Temuco and Puerto Montt. In addition, the radio stations ADN Radio Chile, Radio Agricultura, Radio Concierto, Radio Cooperativa, Radio Pudahuel and Radio Rock & Pop are located in the city. Founded in 1541 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia, Santiago has been the capital city of Chile since colonial times. Under construction at the time, the station would be opened permanently in 1884. There are plans for a Saks Fifth Avenue in Santiago. Santiago is home to some of Chile's most successful football clubs. The PUC is a modern university; the campus of San Joaquin has a number of contemporary buildings and offers many parks and sports facilities. The Andes Mountains can be seen from most points in the city. The population density currently reaches approximately 9,821 residents per square kilometer (25,436 people living per square mile). Several mercados in the city such as the Mercado Central de Santiago sell local goods. It houses the Chilean National History Museum, with 12,000 objects that can be exhibited. Sleeps 4 • 1 bedroom • 1 bathroom. [42], According to data collected in the 2002 census by the National Institute of Statistics, the Santiago metropolitan area population reached 5,428,590 inhabitants, equivalent to 35.9% of the national total and 89.6% of total regional inhabitants. In total, eight blocks from north to south, and ten from east to west, were built. In 1990 the total population under 20 years was 38.0% and 8.9% were over 60. It includes several major universities, and has developed a modern transportation infrastructure, including a free flow toll-based, partly underground urban freeway system and the Metro de Santiago, South America's most extensive subway system. The whole of Greater Santiago does not fit perfectly into any administrative division, as it extends into four different provinces and 37 communes. Chile. The city proper is estimated to have a population of around 200,000. Departamento Santa Isabel. [71], The Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC) was founded in June 1888 and was ranked as the best school in Latin America in 2014. In the airport area of Pudahuel, mean rainfall is 276.9 mm (10.90 in) per year, about 80% of which occurs during the winter months (May to September), varying between 50 and 80 mm (1.97 and 3.15 in) of rainfall during these months. The city lies in the center of the Santiago Basin, a large bowl-shaped valley consisting of broad and fertile lands surrounded by mountains. The Costanera Center, a mega project in Santiago's Financial District, includes a 280,000-square-metre (3,000,000 sq ft) mall, a 300-meter (980 ft) tower, two office towers of 170 meters (558 ft) each, and a hotel 105 meters (344 ft) tall. 53 reviews. Santiago's rainfall is highly variable and heavily influenced by the El Niño Southern Oscillation cycle, with rainy years coinciding with El Niño events and dry years with La Niña events. Also during this time and with the work of European landscapers in 1873, O'Higgins Park came into existence. The name didn't persist for long and was eventually replaced by the local name of Chile. 12 reviews. from $80/night. In the following decades, Santiago continued to grow unabated. It is bounded on the north by Peru and Bolivia, on the east by Argentina, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. from $96/night. The royal government lasted until 1817, when the Army of the Andes secured victory in battle of Chacabuco, reinstating the patriot government in Santiago. Santiago's 2020 population is now estimated at 6,767,223. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. Created primarily for educational use, they also became examples of public planning during that period. A fire destroyed the building of the Congress in 1895, which was then rebuilt in a neoclassical style and reopened in 1901. On the southeast corner of the square stands the green cast-iron Commercial Edwards building, which was built in 1893. Most Populated Cities in Chile. La ville est en fait divisée en 37 communes. In 1966 the Santiago Metropolitan Park was established in the Cerro San Cristóbal, MINVU began eradicating shanty towns and building new homes. Santiago's international airport, in the west, lies at an altitude of 460 m (1,509 ft). 13 reviews. [64] Annual festivals featured in Santiago include Lollapalooza and the Maquinaria festival. Le Chili possède une population estimée à 17 508 260 habitants en 2015 selon la CIA World Factbook. On the north, it is bordered by the Cordón de Chacabuco, a mountain range of the Andes. This significant increase was the result of suburban growth to the south and west of the capital, and in part to La Chimba, a vibrant district growing from the division of old properties that existed in the area. Valdivia later summoned the chiefs of the area to a parliament, where he explained his intention to found a city on behalf of the king Carlos I of Spain, which would be the capital of his governorship of Nueva Extremadura. [16], Precipitation is usually only rain, as snowfall only occurs in the Andes and Precordillera, being rare in eastern districts, and extremely rare in most of the city. The enactment of the Autonomous Municipalities' act allowed municipalities to create various administrative divisions around the then Santiago departamento, with the aim of improving local ruling. Belong anywhere with Airbnb. In the vernacular, it is also known as Casa de Bello (Spanish: House of Bello – after their first Rector, Andrés Bello). The city has a downtown core of 19th-century neoclassical architecture and winding side-streets, dotted by art deco, neo-gothic, and other styles. Des milliers de voyageurs se sont retrouvés bloqués pour la nuit dans l'aérogare. Entering the twenty-first century, rapid development continued in Santiago. Provides buses to the. In Spanish language, the name of this saint is rendered in different ways, as Diego, Jaime, Jacobo or Santiago; the latter is derived from the Galician evolution of Vulgar Latin Sanctu Iacobu. During its earliest years, the city grew at a rate of 2.68% per year, then peaked at 4.92% annually between 1952 and 1960 due to high fertility rates and immigration, and leveled out at 1.35% in the 2000s, partly due to an aging population. Here’s a list of the largest cities in Chile, ranked by population. [28] The first earthquake on record to strike Santiago occurred in 1575, 34 years after the official founding of Santiago. Largest Cities in Chile CITY NAME This team plays its home games in Estadio San Carlos de Apoquindo. The system carries around 2,400,000 passengers per day. Estimates in 2007 show that 32.9% of men and 30.7% of women were less than 20 years old, while 10.2% of men and 13.4% of women were over 60 years. The Costanera Center has stores like Armani Exchange, Banana Republic, Façonnable, Hugo Boss, Swarovski, and Zara. Most of the museums are located in the historic city center, occupying the old buildings of colonial origin, such as with the National History Museum, which is located in the Palacio de la Real Audiencia.